Amish Communities: 32-State Guide

Searching for an Amish community? This is your guide to Old Order Amish communities in 32 states, Canada & South America.

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Amish State Population Map For 2024

The most recent total Amish population estimate is 383,565 people in 638 distinct communities (Young Center).

Old Order (horse-and-buggy) Amish currently live in 32 states, four Canadian provinces, and the country of Bolivia.

Find the state-by-state population numbers here. Scroll down or use the jump-links above to check out individual state guides and find an Amish community near you.

The Amish are today found in over 600 locations throughout North America. Image: Jim Halverson

Amish Communities by State

The Amish are typically associated with states like Pennsylvania, Ohio or Indiana – long home to large Amish communities. But today Amish populations can be found throughout the US, including in the South, West, and Northeast regions.

Each article linked below outlines the main communities and other details for the Amish populations of each state.

Arkansas Amish – Few Amish live in Arkansas today, despite attempts at settling the state dating to the 1920s.

Colorado Amish – Amish communities in the West are uncommon. But over the past two decades, Colorado has attracted a fair share of Amish pioneers. Today the Centennial State is home to seven small Amish communities.

Delaware Amish – A single Amish settlement is found outside state capital Dover. This sizable community has faced land and development pressures over the past decade-plus, but continues to grow.

Florida Amish – Part vacation destination, part southern Amish outpost, the unique Pinecraft community attracts a wide range of Plain people from across the country.

Idaho Amish – The solitary Gem State Amish community dates to 2012. This small settlement lies near the town of Salmon (Lemhi County). Idaho was also home to a previous Amish settlement at Bonners Ferry in the early 2000s.

Illinois Amish – The sizeable Amish community near the town of Arthur is by far the largest in Illinois. The rest of the approximately 20 Illinois Amish communities number only a few dozen households at most. The Illinois Amish population was the 10th-largest in North America as of 2023.

Indiana Amish – The Hoosier State is home to America’s third-largest Amish population. The Elkhart-Lagrange County community is by far the largest in the state. Other sizable Indiana Amish communities are found at Adams County, Nappanee, Allen County, and Daviess County. Over two dozen Amish settlements can be found across Indiana.

A row of neatly-parked Amish buggies. Topeka, Indiana. Photo: Jim Halverson

Iowa Amish – Amish have lived in Iowa for nearly 180 years. Today, significant Amish communities are found at Kalona, Bloomfield, and in Buchanan County. A number of smaller Amish settlements are found across the Hawkeye State as well.

Kansas Amish – Despite its 150-year history of Amish settlement, today only about 2,400 Amish call the Sunflower State home. Kansas is home to three communities over 100 years old (in Reno County and Anderson County). It has lately been attracting more Amish settlement, with several communities founded in the past several years.

Kentucky Amish – Amish are found in approximately four dozen communities in the Bluegrass State. Around 15,000 Amish live in Kentucky, making it the state with the eighth-largest Amish population.

Maine Amish – Maine continues to steadily attract Amish settlements, with a half-dozen new communities founded since 2011. Together with Vermont, the state boasts the only Amish presence in New England. Four communities are found in massive Aroostook County, with another notable presence in Waldo County at Unity.

Maryland Amish – Maryland’s three Amish communities are spread to the corners of the state. The St. Mary’s County settlement in southern Maryland is the largest, with a population of about 1,600 Amish as of 2023.

Michigan Amish – Michigan is home to North America’s sixth-largest Amish population. Sizeable communities are found in St. Joseph’s and Branch Counties, among others. Michigan is home to over four dozen Amish settlements.

An Amish farm near Clare, Michigan. Photo: Jim Halverson

Minnesota Amish – Minnesota’s nearly two dozen Amish settlements are concentrated in the southeast and central/northwest regions of the state. Amish first settled in the North Star State around the turn of the 20th century. The community near Harmony in Fillmore County is Minnesota’s largest, with approximately 850 Amish as of 2023, while Todd County in central MN hosts five separate Amish communities.

Mississippi Amish – Amish have only rarely settled the Deep South. Mississippi is home to a single small Amish settlement in Pontotoc County, the only Amish community in the region.

Missouri Amish – The Missouri Amish population has grown rapidly thanks to migration from other states. As of 2023 there are over 15,000 Amish in Missouri, making it the state with the seventh-highest Amish population. Sizeable Amish communities are found at Seymour, Jamesport, and Clark.

Montana Amish – Montana has doubled its number of  Amish communities since 2010, with eleven communities found across the state as of 2023. The oldest Montana Amish settlement is at Rexford in the northwest corner of the state, with the largest in Fergus County. Communities including Rexford and St. Ignatius hold annual school auctions.

Nebraska Amish – The Cornhusker State is home to a handful of Amish who’ve migrated into the state since the mid-2000s. However the term “Nebraska Amish” more commonly refers to the ultraconservative Pennsylvania group, who take their name from connections with an early Nebraska Bishop and community (read more about PA Nebraska Amish).

New Mexico Amish – In 2020, Amish founded a settlement in New Mexico, on the border with Colorado. A handful of Amish live in this remote community today.

New York Amish – New York has been a popular destination for Amish in recent years, attracting much immigration from other states. New York is home to over 22,000 Amish as of 2023, making it the state with the fifth-largest Amish population.

North Carolina Amish – North Carolina was long home to just a single Amish community, at Union Grove. In 2015, an ultraconservative group migrated into the state, settling near the town of Ellenboro. Besides its current Amish presence, the state has a colorful history of Amish settlement.

Ohio Amish – along with Pennsylvania, Ohio has the largest concentration of Amish anywhere in North America. The Holmes County Amish community is among the most diverse, with nearly a dozen distinct affiliations found in the settlement. Significant communities are also found at Geauga County, Ashland and Medina Counties, and in Knox County.

Oklahoma Amish – The Sooner State is home to four small Amish communities. The Chouteau Amish settlement is over 100 years old. The settlement at Clarita in Coal County hosts a well-attended annual school auction.

Pennsylvania Amish – The well-known Lancaster County community is the oldest in North America, and one of the nation’s two largest Amish settlements. Besides Lancaster County, large communities can be found at Big Valley, New Wilmington, and Smicksburg in Indiana County. Pennsylvania is home to around 60 Amish communities.

South Dakota Amish – South Dakota became the newest addition to the Amish map in 2010, when a group of Amish from Wisconsin settled in Hutchinson County (Tripp). In 2023, Amish began exiting the state.

Tennessee Amish – The Tennessee Amish population numbers over 3,500, spread over a dozen-plus settlements. The community at Ethridge is by far the biggest in the state, and one of the largest in the South.

Texas Amish – Texas’ lone Amish community is found near Beeville in Bee County in the southern part of the state. However, a number of Amish lived in Texas beginning in the early 1900s. More recently, a community existed near Stephenville in Central Texas.

Vermont Amish – Vermont’s Northeast Kingdom is home to the state’s single Amish outpost, near Brownington. Amish settled this area in 2015. Amish later scouted a second potential settlement location in the same region, but as of 2023 Brownington remains the sole Amish location in the state.

Virginia Amish – Amish first settled here in the late 1800s. Virginia’s Amish population has steadily grown, as Amish from nearby states have found it an attractive destination. In the past decade the number of Amish communities in the Old Dominion state has tripled, though its overall Amish population remains relatively low.

West Virginia Amish – The Mountain State has seen increasing interest from Amish people in recent years. The state has added six communities since the year 2017, though its overall Amish population remains low.

Wisconsin Amish – Wisconsin is America’s #4 Amish state, with an Amish population of over 24,000. Significant settlements are found at Cashton, Wilton/Tomah, Hillsboro, and the Kingston/Dalton area, among others. Notable counties include Grant County with five settlements, and Clark County, home to four Amish communities.

Wyoming Amish – Another fairly recent addition to the list, Wyoming saw Amish settle its northeast corner (the Hulett area of Crook County) in 2011. In recent years the Equality State has seen an uptick in Amish interest, with three more communities being settled since 2019.

Canada Amish – Amish have lived in Canada since the 1800s. Today the country is home to a 5,000-strong Amish community, mainly in Ontario. Small settlements are also found in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Manitoba.

Ontario is home to over 6,000 Amish.

Amish in South America – The remarkable case of Amish settlements located in Bolivia and Argentina came about in 2015. Pre-existing communities of Old Colony Mennonites, a related Anabaptist people, affiliated with Amish in North America that year.

Amish had previously settled in Latin America in a handful of instances (including in Paraguay), though none of those communities have survived. By 2023, the Argentina settlement had disbanded, with some members joining the Bolivia community.

Amish Population by State

These are the most recent estimates of the Amish population by state, listed from highest to lowest. Also included are figures for four Canadian provinces & Bolivia.

Source: Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies (Elizabethtown College, PA).

  1. Pennsylvania – 89,765
  2. Ohio – 84,065
  3. Indiana – 63,645
  4. Wisconsin – 24,920
  5. New York – 23,285
  6. Michigan – 18,445
  7. Missouri – 16,690
  8. Kentucky – 15,450
  9. Iowa – 9,930
  10. Illinois – 7,935
  11. Minnesota – 5,210
  12. Tennessee – 3,820
  13. Kansas – 2,400
  14. Virginia – 2,095
  15. Delaware – 1,915
  16. Maryland – 1,835
  17. Montana – 1,325
  18. Maine – 1,205
  19. Colorado – 895
  20. Oklahoma – 705
  21. West Virginia – 615
  22. Nebraska – 445
  23. Wyoming – 330
  24. North Carolina – 315
  25. Arkansas – 260
  26. Mississippi – 165
  27. South Dakota – 110
  28. Idaho – 105
  29. Vermont – 105
  30. Florida – 100
  31. Texas – 75
  32. New Mexico – 30

Amish populations outside the US


  1. Ontario – 5,645
  2. Prince Edward Island – 280
  3. New Brunswick – 95
  4. Manitoba – 80


  1. Colonia Naranjita – 90

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