Half of them are in Indiana. Two apiece in Pennsylvania and Ohio. And one in Illinois.

The list of the top 10 largest Amish settlements doesn’t change much from year-to-year.

These places generally have similar steady growth, and relatively few people leaving.

Photo by Don Burke

Still, I like to do a fresh post from time to time on the largest communities. The last came in 2017.

This year I’m taking a slightly different approach.

As before, below you’ll find the 10 largest communities, along with the number of people, number of church districts, and year founded (numbers from the Young Center’s latest figures).

But this time around I’ve also provided:

  • Main counties where Amish can be found in that particular settlement
  • Key towns which are hubs of Amish activity and places of visitor interest (not exhaustive; I’ve listed some of the main ones, especially for the larger settlements).
  • A map showing where each community is located in the state
  • Interesting facts about each settlement

Credit also goes to Joseph Donnermeyer and David Luthy, who do yeoman’s work compiling comprehensive Amish settlement listings. I’ve used some of their info in this post.

The Top 10 Biggest Amish Settlements

1. Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

Founded: circa 1760
Population: 39,255
Church districts: 235
Counties where Amish are found: Lancaster; Chester; York
Key towns: Intercourse; Bird-in-Hand; Strasburg; Quarryville; Leola; Gordonville; Gap

Did you know? Lancaster County is also home to a large Old Order Mennonite community. One of the most common Amish names is “Stoltzfus“. An alternative, rarer spelling you will find in Lancaster County is “Stoltzfoos”.

2. Holmes County, Ohio

Founded: 1808
Population: 36,755
Church districts: 288
Counties where Amish are found: Holmes; Wayne; Coshocton; Tuscarawas; Stark
Key towns: Berlin; Walnut Creek; Mt. Hope; Charm; Mt. Eaton; New Bedford; Sugarcreek

Did you know? The Holmes County community is the most diverse in terms of different Amish groups. There are four main affiliations, and at least 11 distinct Amish groups represented in this settlement, from the Swartzentruber Amish to the New Order churches. Holmes County proper is the “most Amish” county in the nation, with over 40% of those living within county boundaries belonging to a horse-and-buggy Amish church.

3. Elkhart-Lagrange Counties, Indiana

Founded: 1841
Population: 25,660
Church districts: 192
Counties where Amish are found: Lagrange; Elkhart: Noble
Key towns: Shipshewana; Topeka; Middlebury; Millersburg; Lagrange

Did you know? Most adult males work in the RV industry, a mainstay here dating to the 1960s. Amish men here often wear winter caps aka “toboggans” in lieu of the traditional hat.

4. Geauga County, Ohio

Founded: 1886
Population: 18,325
Church districts: 131
Counties where Amish are found: Geauga; Trumbull; Ashtabula; Portage
Key towns: Middlefield; Burton; Parkman; West Farmington

Did you know? There are two main affiliations of Amish in the Geauga County settlement, the “mainline” group, and the smaller plainer group known as “Number Twos”. Maple syrup is a big industry in this region, and you will find some Amish producers and sellers in the area. Amish here use ice for cooling, and get it from coolers scattered throughout the community.

5. Adams County, Indiana

Founded: 1850
Population: 9,910
Church districts: 63
Counties where Amish are found: Adams; Jay; Wells; Mercer County, OH
Key towns: Berne; Geneva; Monroe

Did you know? This is the largest “Swiss Amish” community. The Amish here are known for having buggies without tops, though recently one or two churches have begun permitting them. You’ll notice different last names here which are uncommon in non-Swiss communities, including Schwartz, Eicher, and Hilty.

6. Nappanee, Indiana

Founded: circa 1841
Population: 6,180
Church districts: 46
Counties where Amish are found: Elkhart; Kosciusko; Marshall; St. Joseph
Key towns: Nappanee; Bremen; Wakarusa

Did you know? Nappanee‘s town slogan is “Embrace the Pace”, fitting for a town at the heart of a thriving community of horse-and-buggy drivers. Amish Acres is a large tourist attraction in the area. Of the ten communities on this list, this and the Elkhart-Lagrange settlement lie the closest to one another, and in recent years have even begun to “overlap”.

7. Daviess County, Indiana

Founded: 1868
Population: 5,290
Church districts: 29
Counties where Amish are found: Daviess; Martin
Key towns: Montgomery; Cannelburg; Odon

Did you know? You can usually tell an Amish person from Daviess County by their accent, which has a Southern-sounding twang. This would be the most southern on the map of the ten settlements listed here.

8. Arthur, Illinois

Founded: 1864
Population: 4,650
Church districts: 30
Counties where Amish are found: Douglas; Moultrie; Cole
Key towns: Arthur; Arcola

Did you know? This very flat, corn country community is home to a thriving furniture industry and events including auctions and an annual cheese festival running for over 40 years.

9. Big Valley, Pennsylvania

Founded: 1791
Population: 3,985
Church districts: 32
Counties where Amish are found: Mifflin; Huntingdon
Key towns: Belleville; Allensville; Reedsville

Did you know? This community is famous for its three distinct Amish groups, easily identified by their black, white, and bright yellow buggies (though there are subgroups as well). The official name of the 30-mile long valley where the settlement is found is Kishacoquillas Valley. It was named after a friendly Shawnee Indian chief. Another nickname is “Kish Valley.”

10. Allen County, Indiana

Founded: 1852
Population: 3,325
Church districts: 23
Counties where Amish are found: Allen
Key towns: Grabill

Did you know? There are almost no traditional farmers left in this Swiss Amish community. If you are an Amish male of working age in Allen County, odds are you are in the construction industry.

There are over 550 Amish settlements in the world (primarily in the US and Canada).

There are approximately 342,100 Amish on the planet today.

The top 10 communities make up around 45% of the total Amish population.

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