The 18 States WITHOUT An Amish Community

With the expansion of the Amish to more and more locations (over 600 of them now in North America), and the recent addition of a new Amish state (New Mexico), it’s becoming easier to say where the Amish aren’t than where they are.

Now, that said, many states just have a small Amish presence – seen in just a handful of settlements (Wyoming, Arkansas, North Carolina) or sometimes just a single community (Idaho, Vermont, Texas). That noted, I thought it would be interesting to make a list of the remaining states without an Amish community.

Image: Jim Halverson

So if you live in one of the following states, there are no horse-and-buggy Amish communities within your state borders. However, in some of these cases you’ll find related churches (eg, Beachy Amish in South Carolina). Or, some of these once had an Amish community, but no longer do (eg, Georgia).

The 18 States Without Amish

These are the 18 states without a horse-and-buggy Amish presence today. Listed in alphabetical order.

I have bolded the states which at one time in history had a horse-and-buggy Amish presence (see David Luthy’s The Amish in America: Settlements That Failed 1840-2019 for more on that).

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. California
  5. Connecticut
  6. Georgia
  7. Hawaii
  8. Louisiana
  9. Massachusetts
  10. Nevada
  11. New Hampshire
  12. New Jersey
  13. North Dakota
  14. Oregon
  15. Rhode Island
  16. South Carolina
  17. Utah
  18. Washington

You can see that of the 18, half of them (9) have had at least one Amish settlement at some time in their past. Often those were short-lived attempts (such as the single year in the early 1900s when Amish called California home) though others lasted longer (the quarter-century of Amish at McMinnville, Oregon).

Image: David Arment

When it comes to some of these states, it’s not too surprising that no Amish live there (Hawaii, Rhode Island). Others don’t seem too Amish-friendly, due to reasons such as climate and distance from other Amish areas (Utah, Nevada, Alaska).

That said, a number of these I could easily see welcoming Amish settlers at some point in the not-too-distant future. Those would include New Hampshire and South Carolina.

Which of these states are Amish most likely to settle next?

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    1. Osiah Horst

      Next States to have Amish

      I would suggest that Washington, Oregon and New Hampshire would be the next states to have Amish settlements. Oregon already has several settlements of conservative Mennonite or Amish/Mennonite as does New Hamshire.

      1. Nice suggestions Osiah, according to Luthy’s book Washington last had Amish near a place called Springdale from 1998 to 2004. Are any of the Mennonite communities in those states horse-and-buggy?

      2. Linda Mae Cole

        Where in New Hampshire?

        Being a resident of New Hampshire I am interested as to where there are Amish near me.

        1. Brenda Dixon


          I believe New Hampshire is famous for The Shaker’s who are not at all Amish but have strong religious beliefs. Itis very unlikely you are born into a Shaker community but instead you join. NOT AT ALL THE SAME but there are some compatible and familiar traits.

    2. Andrew Parrish

      Thank you

      I just wanted to comment and say thank you for your coverage of the different Anabaptist communities. I came from Amish roots (the Schlonegers of northeast OH) and one of my goals is to bring the language back into my family. I’ve since moved to Detroit MI, and my family attends an MC USA church, but my wife and I still dress a bit plain, since we gravitate a little “conservative” theologically. I like your respectful coverage and interesting articles, and it’s something I can share with friends and coworkers who sometimes have questions like “what makes Mennonites and Amish different” and the history of the faith groups. Keep up the excellent work.

      1. Thank you Andrew and I hope the goal to bring PA Dutch into the family succeeds. Nice to be in Michigan where there are a good number of Amish communities where you might get in some live practice!

    3. 18 states without Amish Community

      I clearly understand why settlements don’t exist in western states due to dry weather and overly populated states huge cities and not enough acreage to farm for their needs. freeways loaded with cars. They need back country roads for their horse and buggies. And the weather needs to be right. I believe because of their absence in those states is another reason to admire their lifestyle. Also I’m guessing other states south have different nationality. I don’t think they live among black communities. I never seen photos of Amish that are black.

      1. It is not common to have Amish people who are black, but sometimes can happen by adoption. However choosing to stay with the church is another step; I have not heard of many adult Amish who are black.

      2. Jessica

        Racial nonsense

        Why bring up race? Do you suggest Amish people as a whole purposely try to avoid black people? Black people live in every state Are all other races acceptable? I doubt you’ll find too many Asian Amish people. If anyone is purposely avoiding black people I think they are missing the point entirely on what it is to be a good human being The Amish purposely want to remain separate, and even in that sense they aren’t loving thy neighbor so wonderfully if they think outsiders are not as righteous as they are. I admire a lot of the Amish lifestyle but they are only humans like everyone else, surviving in God’s crazy world, in which he made for us, all of us

        1. Matt


          You know that black people have a violent crime rate that’s 9 times the national average? That black men are six percent of the US population but commit 54 percent of its homicides? Can’t imagine why a pacifist sect would engage in white flight.

          1. Jessica

            I can't believe you're allowed to post nonsense

            You can’t believe everything you read. Also there is nothing to be proud of by spewing racist nonsense and pointing a finger at people you obviously don’t know or care about. It is extremely disappointing to read racist nonsense in this day in age. Why bother? You have to know you’re wrong don’t you?

        2. Caroline B

          Your name should be Karen instead of Jessica! Are you going to jump on your high horse every time someone has an option different from yours. Gawd I guess I should stick to reading his wonderful articles and leave the bright remarks to you!! LOL what a FREAKIN joke, get over yourself because I am…

    4. Joe

      More likely in the future

      This is very interesting post because it reminds me of what the late Amish scholar, John Hostetler, wrote back in 1982 where he discussed the difficulties of establishing settlements in the Great Plains and Western States He called it “limited opportunities” for the Amish to create an economic base and sustain social and cultural patterns. The major challenges are that one cannot do the same kind of farming out west as in New York, PA and the various midwestern states. The other challenge is the relative social isolation, such as a lack of nearby settlements for back and forth visiting and cooperative work on various building and repair projects. But, projections are that by mid-century, with the Amish population doubling every 20 years, the number of settlements will increase from about 625 today to nearly 1,600 by 2050. We already see an increase in western and Great Plains states settlements. Partly, it is because of the Amish shift out of agriculture to sawmills, furniture-making etc. So, get ready Oregon, Washington, and California! Only a few years ago, there were no settlements in Wyoming and by the end of 2023, there will be 5 in Wyoming and over 10 in Montana. In other words, isolation is decreasing as a factor for challenging community sustainability. As Bob Dylan wrote, the times, they are a changing.

      1. Great comment Joe and thanks for bringing to my attention this prognosis for mid-century. Might be near the million-Amish-mark by then. Although you know what they say about predictions being hard, especially ones about the future 🙂

      2. Beverly E Bowers

        18 states without Amish

        I just came back from visiting Cheyenne Wyoming. I saw a plain young lady in the Walgreens there and I asked her where she was located? First she told me that she was a conservative mennonite (which I knew) and then she told me her community is located in Carpenter,Wyoming.
        I didn’t see any Amish while I was there; only Mennonite folks.
        I’m curious as to what parts of Wyoming the Amish would build their communities in?

    5. Leana A Mari

      Westward bound

      Tell them to set up in Oregon again, please!!!
      Yes, avoid the area around Portland. But the south and east are more conservative. The west gets more rain, so anywhere around Roseburg or south of there would work for farming. They have farms out here all over. I would love it if they did that, I would love to visit and buy items like what you show on this site.

      1. Leana I don’t know where you are in Oregon but the closest Amish store to you might be the one near Lemhi, Idaho. I understand that “close” is a relative term when talking drives in Western states.

    6. Joe Donnermeyer

      Wyoming settlements and other comments

      I read the post about the location of Wyoming settlements. Here are the names of those settlements, with the names corresponding to a nearby town, almost always one with a post office — Hulett (Crook County), Newcastle (Weston County), Buffalo (Johnson County) and Powell (Part County). Only Hullett is more than five years old. As the matter of meeting a Mennonite person that looked Amish, keep in mind that there are still horse-and-buggy Mennonites and car-driving Mennonites that still dress conservatively. So, mix-ups are very possible. Also, there are former Amish communities in some western states. In those cases, they decided to allow car ownership and re-affiliate with a Mennonite conference or simply remain independent/autonomous. They too may still dress conservatively.

      1. Beverly Bowers

        The 18 States WITHOUT An Amish Community

        Thank you Joe for your input on Wyoming Amish communities!

    7. Al in Ky

      My two suggestions are North Dakota and Alabama.

      There are several Amish communities in northern Minnesota that have developed in recent years — only 25 to 50 miles east from the North Dakota border. So, if an Amish community developed in western North Dakota, the Amish there wouldn’t be too far from other Amish.

      In Alabama, in recent years that has been a new Old Order Mennonite (OOM) community develop in northern Alabama at Section (an outreach community of the Delano, Tenn. OOM community) There is an old saying that goes, “Where you find Mennonites (in rural areas), you often find Amish and vice versa.” I think the Amish community in Alabama that failed was in far southern Alabama (Bay Minette), so maybe northern Alabama would be more suitable to an Amish community.

    8. K.D.

      18 States WITHOUT an Amish Community . . .

      Hey, Matt (or anyone else who knows) what is “white flight”???
      Thank you for clarifying it for me.


    9. Joe Donnermeyer

      nearest to New Hampshire

      Although New England is an area with a much greater presence today than in the past, there are no settlement in New Hampshire. There is, however, one in Vermont, call Orleans and is located in Orleans county. There are now ten in Maine, and a few are in central Maine. All of the Maine settlements are, by county: Aroostock County (Smyrna, Staceyville, Sherman, Hodgdon & Perham), Waldo (Unity), Lincoln (Whitfield), Androscoggin (Wales & Livermore), Oxford (Hiram), and Somerset (Mercer & Palmyra).

    10. Christina


      We have Amish leaving this Glen NY community. We are very sad to see these folks go. Have made many friends and some I can write too. I always buy food from them. Canned peaches especially. These old order are moving to Kentucky. Taxes are high here and the solar fields are coming in. I disapprove of the solar fields, but what can we do??? I personally like milk and cheese and yogurt and corn too. After solar replaces all that what do we eat??? I love these folks more like my grandmother who was born in 1897, so yes I can relate.

    11. D. Ann


      wrong. New Jersey does have an Amish community. I grew up in Southern New Jersey, and We do have Amish there who have whole Markest and products. A 10 minute drive. So I have no clue where you got your info!

      1. No Amish community in New Jersey

        So there are horse-and-buggy Amish regularly physically present in New Jersey, who operate market stands three days per week in the various PA Dutch markets such as at Princeton or Williamstown. These tend to be Amish from the relatively nearby Lancaster County, PA settlement. Many Amish from this community make a living in PA Dutch markets in neighboring states like Maryland and New Jersey. Amish travel back-and-forth between their home community and these markets in passenger vans driven by non-Amish drivers.

        But that’s not the same as NJ having an Amish community. There is no permanent Amish settlement located in the state. And to all I’ve been able to tell, there actually never has been one in New Jersey, ever, which is a bit surprising considering how many settlements there are in PA and in NY state.

        I always like to caveat these with the point that there could be a very new settlement that has just gotten started up in the last weeks/months, because it takes a little while for them to become public.

        But I don’t think that is the case here, because this claim is regularly made about Amish in New Jersey based upon their presence in markets. More on the topic:

        1. Michelle

          Mennonites in NJ, Salem County

          HI Erik,

          First I want to say thank you for all your hard work and research into this website about Amish and Mennonite culture. My great grandparents were Mennonites, and recently the past year I have been praying about joining a Mennonite church here in Southern NJ. That is how I came across your youtube Chanel that lead me to your website blog.

          I used to work at the Williamstown Amish market owned by Amish-Mennonite, (That is what the called themselves, but their church is Mennonite and not horse and buggy) They are similar to Beachy Amish. They have a church and settlement in Salem County. They also opened up another Amish Market in Cumberland county and have one in Mullica Hill, NJ.
          I agree with you I am surprised the Amish community have not settled in South Jersey like Salem county or Cumberland because it is all large pieces of land available and sadly farmers selling too. Maybe one day they will settle here as they continue growing.

      2. C

        Theyare from pa. They don’t live in nj or have a settlement here. I live in southern nj and my son lives in Lancaster pa. The Amish that have the markets in nj come from there.

    12. Jeanne

      Amish settlements

      WHY is it not too surprising that no Amish live in Rhode Island?

    13. Stephanie-Sage Fox


      I’m here to see where to move to. Living next to the Old Order Amish has been hell.

    14. Jennifer


      I found my way to your site because I’m looking for an Amish builder. I belonged to a Mennonite church. We lived in rural PA then. We’ve since moved.

      Anyway, I’m surprised about North Dakota. When I lived there, there was an annual “Mennonite Mixer” with conservative mennonites. I guess I just assumed there’s be Amish communities, too!

    15. Caroline B.

      I really hate to tell you Karen, he’s statistically correct. And many Right Winged Extremist who identify as Black would agree with him. Keep Moving Folks, There’s Nothing To See Here..LOL

    16. LC

      None in CT

      I’ve lived in Connecticut all my life and he is correct, there are none here at all, I would have known about it. I love the Amish! They’re smart for not being here, CT is a sesspool.