Arkansas is home to few Amish
Arkansas has seen just a few attempts at Amish settlement, with the first settlers arriving in the 1920s. Today, there is a small Amish presence in the state found in a handful of fledgling communities.
Amish communities in Arkansas
By its nickname, the “Natural State” seems like it would be a great location for Amish. However few have ever attempted to settle Arkansas and few are found there today. In contrast, Arkansas’s neighbor to the north, Missouri, has seen much greater Amish settlement (with 9,000 Amish, the 7th-largest population in America).
Reasons for little Arkansas Amish settlement likely include climate and proximity to other communities. Relatively few Amish are found in the Southern states (read more on Amish in the South).
According to the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Arkansas was home to 3 Amish settlements as of 2010. Raber’s 2011 Almanac lists only one Arkansas community (Raber’s listing is self-reported, however, and thus not always complete) located near Rector in Clay County. Another settlement was founded near Salem in Fulton County on the Missouri border in 2008 (see Amish Settlements Across America: 2008).
As of 2009, the Fulton County community was still in existence with just three families. Settlers to this community originated from the Tennessee Amish settlement at McKenzie.
In a 2009 news piece on Amish produce, Fulton County settler and former horseshoer Vernon Borntreger explained that before his move, Tennessee neighbors had told him “growing produce is as hard on your back as shoeing horses. I told them that might be, but I didn’t have to worry about getting kicked by the produce” (see “Vernon’s First Year Garden Produces the Produce”).
Historical Amish settlements in Arkansas
In their nearly 3 centuries in North America, Amish have settled many states, with varying success. Arkansas attracted its first Amish pioneers in the 1920s. Settlers from the Centreville Amish community in St. Joseph County, Michigan began arriving in Arkansas County in 1927, settling on farms in the vicinity of the town of Stuttgart. A total of seven families made up this community.
As Amish historian David Luthy explains, the Stuttgart community faced challenges from the warm weather and heavy moisture, which complicated rice irrigation and harvesting, and generally made life uncomfortable. The community faced setbacks including the sudden death of its bishop as well as financial losses due to bank failure during the Great Depression. By 1938, all Amish had left the area (see The Amish in America: Settlements that Failed 1840-1960, pp 35-36).
Not all Amish left the state, however. In 1932, a single family from the Stuttgart community set up farming in Craighead County near Nettleton, today a township on the outskirts of the city of Jonesboro. Two families from Mississippi Amish settlements joined the lone pioneer family later in the year. However, this community came to a quick end with all families having departed by 1934 (Settlements that Failed pp. 36-37).
Later Arkansas Amish settlement includes the community at Vilonia in Faulkner County, founded by Amish from Iowa in 1959, and lasting until 1965. John Heide writes that “Most members of this group were related to each other, which, along with several years of bad crops and the lack of eligible young people for marriage, resulted in most of the families moving back to Iowa” (see Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture).
For further information, see:
The New American Almanac 2011, Raber’s Bookstore (Baltic, Ohio), Ben J. Raber
“Amish Population by State (2010)” Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College(http://www2.etown.edu/amishstudies/Population_by_State_2010.asp)
The Amish in America: Settlements That Failed 1840-1960, David Luthy
Amish Settlements Across America: 2008, David Luthy
“Vernon’s First Year Garden Produces the Produce”, Erma Harris, Villager Journal, September 2, 2009. Online at http://www.areawidenews.com/story/1567141.html
“The Amish Settlement at Vilonia”, John J. Heide, Faulkner Facts and Fiddlings 41 (Spring/Summer 1999): 23–29
Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, “Amish”, John J. Heide, online at http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=4717
The Amish Settlement at Vilonia, Arkansas; Lester F. Graber
“The Quaint and the Devout: A Study of the Amish at Vilonia, Arkansas”, Ruth McKnight, Arkansas Historical Quarterly 23 (Winter 1964): 314–328.
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