The Amish settlement at Kokomo, Indiana, founded 1848, is the third-oldest in Indiana. Yet despite having been in existence for over 160 years, Kokomo remains a tiny settlement of just 2 church districts.
Meanwhile, other settlements founded in the state at roughly the same time have grown and thrived. The Nappanee and Adams County settlements approach 40 and 50 church districts respectively, while the Elkhart-Lagrange settlement, founded just 7 years before Kokomo, today numbers over 130. Why is Kokomo, unlike its neighbors, a small size today?
Kokomo is a settlement which has been affected by schism and progressivism to a significant degree. A break in the 1850s which resulted in the conservative ‘Old Order’ element and the more progressive ‘Amish Mennonite’ element affected Amish communities across the nation, including Kokomo. Afterwards, the conservative ‘Old Order’ faction at Kokomo prospered for a time, before beginning to decline to an 1892 low of six families and 17 members.
Later, ranks increased as families began moving in from other communities, and particularly from the Arthur, Illinois settlement, which resulted in the formation of 2 church districts in 1908. The peak of the Kokomo community likely occurred in the mid-1930s.
After this period, according to the history recorded in the Nappanee Amish directory, “a serious decline took place.” Old Order Amish joined Beachy Amish and Mennonite groups and also moved to other Midwestern Amish communities. Over the first half of the 20th century, nearly 500 church members in the Kokomo settlement either affiliated with higher churches, moved out, or simply left the church altogether.
Today, the Kokomo settlement is uncommon among Amish communities in that it permits the use of tractors in the field. According to Meyers and Nolt’s An Amish Patchwork, Kokomo Amish marry at a slightly older age than other settlements in the state (age 23 for men and 22 for women), and have slightly fewer children on average, at 6 per family.
As in many other Amish settlements, small businesses and the carpentry trade have become more common in this community as farming has declined. Unlike in the Elkhart-Lagrange settlement, Kokomo Amish do not seek employment in local factories. This, as Kraybill and Nolt explain in Amish Enterprise, is due to the unionized nature of local factories as well as a high school diploma requirement.
Amish and unions
For that matter, Amish in general are against union membership, and those who join unions face excommunication. Unions are looked upon unfavorably by Amish for a number of reasons. One reason is that Amish feel that the means unions employ to achieve their aims, such as work strikes, qualify as use of force, and thus clash with the tenet of nonresistance adhered to universally by Amish.
Other Indiana Amish posts:
Indiana Amish State guide
Sources: Nappanee Amish Directory 2001; An Amish Patchwork: Indiana's Old Orders in the Modern World; Amish Enterprise: From Plows to Profits