Comment on Levitating Amish horse? by OldKat.
Most or at least many of the Amish use Standardbred horses for the road or buggy horses. Many of them were bred for the track & sometimes they will even use retired trotters off the track. This is especially true in the more northern and eastern states where trotting is a bigger deal than it is in the south, but even the Amish in far South Texas which is about as far as you can get from the trotting tracks, use Standardbreds.
Magdalena is correct, it was a big controversy in the 1800’s & in fact that is why the first movies were made; to show conclusively exactly what pattern the horse picked its feet up in a given gait. I read onetime that the very first movie was edited, after the fact, so that the horses hooves NEVER touched the ground … he was trotting entirely off the ground. I have never seen that movie, but I heard that it exists, or did at one time.