Questions on the Amish population and communities
- Where do Amish live?
- Are there any Amish outside America?
- How many Amish are there in total?
- Are the Amish growing?
- How many Amish communities are there?
- Which are the largest Amish communities?
- Do Amish live in closed colonies?
- Why do Amish move to new places?
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Where do the Amish live? As of 2023, the Amish live in 32 states, three Canadian provinces, and two South American countries. States include well-known Amish places like Pennsylvania and Ohio, but also lesser-known and far-flung communities in Texas, Maine, Kentucky, New York, Florida, and many other states.
In Canada, Amish have lived in Ontario since the 1800s, today home to over 6,000 Amish spread across nearly two dozen locations. They have started communities in Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick. In 2017, Amish settled in Manitoba, the fourth Canadian province with an Amish presence.
In South America, recent communities have arisen in Argentina and Bolivia. Amish move and start new settlements fairly frequently. Check our state-by-state guide for more on Amish in each location.
Are there Amish outside the US? As of 2023, there are settlements in four provinces in Canada. Amish once lived in Europe, but no longer do. Amish have tried to settle in Latin America on a few occasions, including in Mexico, Honduras, and Paraguay (see Sunshine and Shadow: Our Seven Years in Honduras by Joseph Stoll, for one Amishman’s account of life in Latin America). In 2016, two Amish communities were established in South America (Bolivia and Argentina). There are Beachy Amish groups outside America including in Europe and Africa.
How many Amish are there in total? As of 2022, approximately 374,000. The Young Center for Anabaptist & Pietist Studies (Elizabethtown College) publishes an updated estimate each year.
How fast are the Amish growing? Yes. Their population is estimated to double about every 20 years, give or take a year or two. This is because they have large families, and most of their children choose to join the Amish church.
How many Amish communities are there? Over 600. The 2022 estimates put the number at 620. The total typically increases by around a dozen or more new Amish communities each year.
Which are the largest Amish communities? The biggest Amish settlements are found in Holmes County, Ohio; Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; and Elkhart and Lagrange counties in Indiana. Each of these communities is home to tens of thousand of Amish.
Do Amish live in closed communities? No. Amish live in rural areas, and some in small villages and towns. In many cases Amish live next door to non-Amish neighbors. Their communities are not physically “closed” to outsiders.
Why do Amish move? Amish migrate for different reasons. These include economic opportunities, the search for affordable farmland, overcrowding, a desire for a “slower” community, a desire to live in a community which allows more technology, and unresolved church disagreements.
Amish move and begin new communities more often than you might suppose. In 2013, researchers Joseph Donnermeyer and David Luthy estimated that there is a net gain of one new Amish settlement about once every four-and-a-half weeks. They consider this a conservative estimate.
Updated: July 2023
- “Amish Population by State (2010).” Amish Studies. Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College, n.d. Web. Accessed 7 Mar. 2015. http://www2.etown.edu/amishstudies/Population_by_State_2014.asp.
- “Amish Population Profile, 2017.” Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College. http://groups.etown.edu/amishstudies/statistics/amish-population-profile-2017. Accessed 10 Dec. 2017.
- “Amish Population, 2017.” Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies, Elizabethtown College. http://groups.etown.edu/amishstudies/statistics/population-2017/
- Donnermeyer, Joseph F., and David Luthy. 2013. “Amish Settlements across America: 2013.” Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 1(2):107-29. Web. Accessed 7 Mar. 2015. <http://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/1811/57700/JAPAS_Donnermeyer_Luthy_vol1-issue2_pp107-129.pdf?sequence=1>
- Stoll, Joseph. Sunshine and Shadow: Our Seven Years in Honduras. Aylmer, Ontario: Joseph Stoll, 1996.
- Nolt, Steven M, and Thomas J. Meyers. Plain Diversity: Amish Cultures and Identities. Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007
- Johnson-Weiner, Karen. New York Amish: Life in the Plain Communities of the Empire State. Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2010.
- Hurst, Charles E, and David L. McConnell. An Amish Paradox: Diversity & Change in the World’s Largest Amish Community. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.
- Kraybill, Donald B., Karen Johnson-Weiner, and Steven M. Nolt. The Amish. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.
To Cite this Page: Wesner, Erik J. “Population.” Amish America. Erik Wesner, . 2015. Web. [Date Accessed]. <https://amishamerica.com/population/>.
Image credits: Gathering of men- Lauren Futch; family in buggy- Ed C.